Understanding the Use of Internal Medicine in Everyday Life

Understanding the Use of Internal Medicine in Everyday Life

Internal medicine is an area of study that deals with diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases, disorders and other health problems that affect the body’s organs and systems. These may include the cardiovascular system (heart), neurological system (brain), respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract or genitourinary tract. It may be helpful to think of internal medicine development hong kong as a specialized subspecialty within general practice.

When you hear an emergency vehicle siren blaring outside your home or office window in the middle of the day – this too falls into this specialty area.

In some countries there are no formal residency programs in Internal Medicine but trainees can have their training through apprenticeships with a more qualified physician.

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The topics that are included in a typical residency can include anything from common conditions of the heart and blood vessels, to the role of drugs and other therapeutic strategies.

Many internal medicine physicians such as targeted therapies hong kong will have additional training in both general practice as well as a subspecialty such as cardiology or critical care medicine. Many have additional training in other areas such as geriatrics or palliative care.

This is not a complete list but covers some of the more common areas of Internal Medicine.

Cardiovascular Medicine:

This is one of the most common areas where internal medicine is practiced. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart and blood vessels. It can be caused by defects in the structure of the heart, disturbance in heart function or due to a combination of both factors. CVDs are common, affecting millions worldwide, and are responsible for considerable mortality as well as morbidity.

A number of factors contribute to the development of CVDs including genetics and lifestyle choices such as poor diet and lack of exercise.


The word ‘toxicology’ literally means the study of poisons and is associated with the study of poisons. The word ‘toxic’ means a substance that can be potentially poisonous. The word ‘logia’ in a Greek word stands for cure, alleviation or recovery and was used to describe any action that could be beneficial to health. As a practitioner, you will likely become familiar with drug interactions, overdoses, organ toxicity and toxicity of environmental chemicals.

Some may be aware of the hazards of carbon monoxide poisoning, but there are other poisons that are not often considered as much as we discuss carbon monoxide and other gases like nitrogen dioxide that may not be as well understood by the public.

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